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Super Baseball League

Basketbol Süper Ligi

Top men's basketball league in Turkey

Basketball league

The Basketball Super League (Turkish: Basketbol Süper Ligi; BSL),[1] also known as the ING Basketbol Süper Ligi for sponsorship reasons, is the top men's professional basketball division of the Turkish basketball league system. It replaced the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967) to become the Turkish Basketball League (TBL) until 2015 when it adopted its current name while the TBL name became exclusive to the second-tier and third-tier divisions.

The BSL is administrated by the Turkish Basketball Federation (TBF) and is contested by 16 Super Baseball League, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the second-tier TBL and replaced by the top two teams of that division.

Since the league's restructuring in 1966, 11 clubs have been crowned champions, with Anadolu Efes winning the title a record 15 times and Fenerbahçe 10 times. In recent years, Fenerbahçe dominated the league by winning 9 titles out of 15 from the 2006–07 season onward.

History[edit]

According to official records, basketball was first played in Turkey in 1904 at Robert College. An American physical education teacher laid the foundations of the sport in the country. Seven years later, in 1911, Ahmet Robenson, a physical education teacher at Galatasaray High School, decided to introduce a new game to his students. Robenson, who also later became president of Galatasaray S.K., popularized the sport in Turkey.[2][3]

Until late 1966, local basketball competitions were held in major cities like Istanbul (which hosted the Istanbul League), Ankara, and İzmir. There was also the former Turkish Championship which existed from 1946 to 1967.

The current Turkish top-tier level national league was founded in 1966, by the Turkish Basketball Federation, and began with the 1966–67 season, and it thus replaced those earlier competitions. The Turkish second-tier level league, the TBL (previously known as the TB2L), was also founded Codycross Londra Grup 500 Bulmaca 5 Cevapları years later in 1969, and since 2011, a third-tier level league TB2L, with the teams divided into two groups.[4]

Format[edit]

There are 16 teams in the league, and they play against each other twice, under a league system format, once at their home and the other away. At the end of the season, the top eight teams are entitled to participate in the league's playoffs. The winners of the playoffs are crowned the Turkish champions. The two top teams of the Turkish Second League are promoted to the top level Basketbol Süper Ligi. The two lowest placed teams of the Süper Ligi are relegated.[5]

Performance by club[edit]

Clubs in bold currently play in the top division.

Club Winners Runners-up Years won
Anadolu Efes

15

13

1979, 1983, 1984, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, Super Baseball League, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2019, 2021
Fenerbahçe

10

10

1991, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, Super Baseball League, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2022
Eczacıbaşı

8

1

1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989
Galatasaray

5

5

1969, Super Baseball League, 1985, 1986, 1990, 2013
İTÜ

5

1

1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
Ülker

4

5

1995, Super Baseball League, 2001, 2006
Beşiktaş

2

7

1975, 2012
Tofaş

2

3

1999, 2000
Karşıyaka

2

1

1987, 2015
Altınordu

1

1967
Muhafızgücü

1

1974 Super Baseball League Sanayi

2

Paşabahçe

2

Şekerspor

2

Türk Telekom

2

Bandırma Basketbol

1

Current clubs[edit]

Team Home city Stadium Capacity
Anadolu EfesIstanbulSinan Erdem Dome

16,000

Bahçeşehir KolejiIstanbulÜlker Sports Arena

13,800

Beşiktaş IcrypexIstanbulAkatlar Arena

3,200

Beysu KonyasporKonyaSelçuklu Belediyesi Spor Salonu

4,200

Büyükçekmece BasketbolIstanbulGazanfer Bilge Spor Salonu

3,000

DarüşşafakaIstanbulVolkswagen Arena Istanbul

5,000

Fenerbahçe BekoIstanbulÜlker Sports Arena

13,800

Frutti Extra BursasporBursaTofaş Nilüfer Sports Hall

7,500

Galatasaray NefIstanbulSinan Erdem Dome

16,000

Gaziantep BasketbolGaziantepKarataş Şahinbey Sport Hall

6,400

Manisa BBManisaMuradiye Spor Salonu

3,500

Petkim SporİzmirAliağa Belediyesi ENKA Spor Salonu

3,000

Pınar KarşıyakaİzmirKarşıyaka Arena

5,000

TofaşBursaTofaş Nilüfer Sports Hall

7,500

Türk TelekomAnkaraAnkara Arena

10,400

Yukatel Merkezefendi BasketDenizliPamukkale University Arena

3,490

Title holders[edit]

Main article: List of Turkish basketball champions

The winners of the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967) are not included, only the clubs winning the Basketbol Süper Ligi since its inception in 1966.

List of champions[edit]

Pre-playoffs era[edit]

Playoffs era[edit]

Finals MVPs and winner coaches[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA-sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.

Turkish basketball clubs in European-wide competitions[edit]

Main article: Turkish basketball clubs in European competitions

Awards[edit]

Main article: Basketbol Süper Ligi Finals MVP

Main article: Basketbol Süper Ligi Mr. King

Former participants[edit]

Note: includes 2022–23 season.

  • 57 seasons: Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray
  • 55 seasons: Beşiktaş
  • 51 seasons: Karşıyaka
  • 45 seasons: Anadolu Efes
  • 39 seasons: Tofaş
  • 35 seasons: İTÜ
  • 34 seasons: TED Ankara Kolejliler
  • 30 seasons: Türk Telekom
  • 27 seasons: Darüşşafaka
  • 18 seasons: Eczacıbaşı
  • 17 seasons: Oyak-Renault
  • 16 seasons: Ankara DSİ, Bandırma
  • 15 seasons: Alpella SK/Ülkerspor, Şekerspor
  • 13 seasons: Muhafızgücü
  • 11 seasons: Çukurova Sanayi, Gaziantep Basketbol
  • 09 seasons: Mersin Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Tuborg Pilsener
  • 08 seasons: Büyükçekmece Basketbol, Yenişehir
  • 07 seasons: Altınordu, Erdemirspor, Konyaspor, PTT İstanbul, Trabzonspor
  • 06 seasons: Aliağaspor, Altay, Ankara Ziraat Fakültesi, Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Beslenspor, Büyük Kolej, Eskişehir Basket, Kadıköyspor, Konyaspor Basket, Ortaköyspor
  • 05 seasons: Bahçeşehir Koleji, Beykozspor, İnhisar, İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Meysuspor, MKE Ankaragücü, Nasaşspor, ODTÜ, Paşabahçe, Taçspor, Uşak Sportif
  • 04 seasons: Afyon Belediyespor, Antbirlik, Bursaspor, Güney Sanayi
  • 03 seasons: Antalyaspor, Hilalspor İzmir, Kepez Belediyespor, Modaspor, Petkim Spor, Super Baseball League Belediyespor
  • 02 seasons: Adana Demirspor, Super Baseball League, Bornova Belediyespor, Göztepe, Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Jandarmagücü, Karagücü, Kurtuluş, Merkezefendi Belediyespor, Muratpaşa Belediyespor, Netaş, OGM Ormanspor, Sakarya Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Yıldırımspor
  • 01 season: Anadolu Hisarı İdman Yurdu, Bakırköy Basket, Bakırköyspor, Balıkesir BK, Bandırma Kırmızı, Fethiye Belediyespor, Kuşadasıspor, Manisa Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Mülkiye, Samsunspor, Silahlı Kuvvetler Gücü, Tarsus İdman Yurdu, Tekirdağ BK, Yalovaspor BK

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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