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Double-A (baseball)

Second-highest level of competition in Minor League Baseball

Double-A (officially Class AA[1]) is the second-highest level of play in Minor League Baseball in Baseball Team United States since 1946, below only Triple-A. There are currently 30 teams classified at the Double-A level, one for each team in Major League Baseball, organized into three leagues: the Eastern League, the Southern League, and the Texas League.


Class AA ("Double-A") was established in 1912, as the new highest Baseball Team of Minor League Baseball.[2] Previously, Class A had been the highest level, predating the establishment of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues—the formal name of Minor League Baseball—in 1901.[3]: 15  Entering the 1912 season, three leagues were designated as Class AA:[3]: 236 

Each of these leagues had previously been in Class A.[3]: 230  Each remained in Class AA through 1945,[3]: 396  then moved into Class AAA ("Triple-A") when it was established in 1946.[3]: 15  No other leagues were designated Class AA during 1912–1945, although a Class A1 level (between Class A and Class AA) was established in 1936.[3]: 15 

The contemporary Double-A classification, as the second-highest level in Minor League Baseball, was established in 1946. Entering that season, the three aforementioned leagues in Class AA all moved to the newly established Triple-A, and Class A1 became Double-A with two leagues:[3]: 401 

The Texas League remained in Double-A for the next 75 years. During this time, there were limited changes to leagues at the Double-A level:

Entering the 2020 minor league season (which was not played, due to the COVID-19 pandemic) the Texas League had been in Double-A since 1946, the Eastern League since 1963, and the Southern League since 1964. Prior to the 2021 season, Baseball Team, Major League Baseball (MLB) reorganized the minor leagues. At that time, the existing leagues were temporarily renamed: Eastern League as Double-A Northeast, Southern League as Double-A South, and Texas League as Double-A Central. Following MLB's acquisition of the rights to the names of the historical minor leagues, MLB announced on March 16, 2022, that the leagues would revert to their prior names, effective with the 2022 season.[4]


The Double-A classification usually hosts developing players that have been part of professional baseball for Baseball Team a couple of years. These players can get to the Double-A level by earning a promotion from any of the lower-level leagues,[5] with Class A-Advanced ("High-A") being immediately below Double-A in the minor league hierarchy.

The step up to the Double-A level can be one of the hardest promotions for such players because it is the level at which pitchers need to have a good off-speed pitch in their repertoires. In addition, it is the level where fastball-only hitters need to learn how to hit off-speed pitches, or their hopes of advancing to the majors will diminish.[6] Some players may be placed in Double-A to begin their minor league careers, usually veterans from foreign leagues or top prospects out of college. Additionally, major league clubs sometimes send players to their Double-A team to rehabilitate from injuries.[5]

While Triple-A is the highest level in the minor leagues, players may also advance to the major leagues directly from Double-A. For example, within the Toronto Blue Jays organization, 17 position players were promoted from Double-A directly to MLB during 1978–2018;[7] approximately one player every two seasons. As players at Codycross Ulaşım Araçları Grup 111 Bulmaca 1 Cevapları Double-A level are, generally, still improving their skills, it could be argued that the pure talent level is higher in Double-A than Triple-A, where there may be some stagnation of talent.[6]

Because players are not moving back and forth from the major leagues at this level, as often happens in Triple-A, the rosters tend to be more stable.[8] Fans of Double-A teams have a longer amount of time to get acquainted with the players, which helps create a better relationship between the team and its fans.[8]

Current teams[edit]

Texas League[edit]

Main article: Texas League

Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Baseball Team
North Arkansas TravelersSeattle MarinersNorth Little Rock, ArkansasDickey–Stephens Park7,200[9]
Northwest Arkansas NaturalsKansas City RoyalsSpringdale, ArkansasArvest Ballpark7,305[10]
Springfield CardinalsSt, Baseball Team. Louis CardinalsSpringfield, Baseball Team, MissouriHammons Field10,486[11]
Tulsa DrillersLos Angeles Baseball Team, OklahomaONEOK Field7,833[12]
Wichita Wind SurgeMinnesota TwinsWichita, KansasRiverfront Stadium12,000
South Amarillo Sod PoodlesArizona DiamondbacksAmarillo, TexasHodgetown6,631[13]
Corpus Christi HooksHouston AstrosCorpus Christi, TexasWhataburger Field7,679[14]
Frisco RoughRidersTexas RangersFrisco, TexasRiders Field10,316[15]
Midland RockHoundsOakland AthleticsMidland, TexasMomentum Bank Ballpark6,669[16]
San Antonio MissionsSan Diego PadresSan Antonio, TexasNelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium9,200

Eastern League[edit]

Main article: Eastern League (1938–present)

Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
Northeast Binghamton Rumble PoniesNew York MetsBinghamton, New YorkMirabito Stadium6,012[17]
Hartford Yard GoatsColorado RockiesHartford, ConnecticutDunkin' Donuts Park6,121[18]
New Hampshire Fisher CatsToronto Blue JaysManchester, New HampshireNortheast Delta Dental Stadium6,500[19]
Portland Sea DogsBoston Baseball Team SoxPortland, MaineHadlock Field7,368[20]
Reading Fightin PhilsPhiladelphia PhilliesReading, PennsylvaniaFirstEnergy Stadium9,000[21]
Somerset PatriotsNew York YankeesBridgewater Township, New JerseyTD Bank Ballpark6,100
Southwest Akron RubberDucksCleveland GuardiansAkron, OhioCanal Park7,630[22]
Altoona CurvePittsburgh PiratesAltoona, PennsylvaniaPeoples Natural Baseball Team Field7,210[23]
Bowie BaysoxBaltimore OriolesBowie, MarylandPrince George's Stadium10,000[24]
Erie SeaWolvesDetroit TigersErie, PennsylvaniaUPMC Park6,000[25]
Harrisburg SenatorsWashington NationalsHarrisburg, PennsylvaniaFNB Field6,187[26]
Richmond Flying SquirrelsSan Francisco GiantsRichmond, VirginiaThe Diamond9,560[27]

Southern League[edit]

Main article: Southern League (1964–present)

Division Team MLB Baseball Team City Stadium Capacity
North Birmingham BaronsChicago White SoxBirmingham, AlabamaRegions Field8,500[28]
Chattanooga LookoutsCincinnati RedsChattanooga, TennesseeAT&T Field6,362[29]
Rocket City Trash PandasLos Angeles AngelsMadison, AlabamaToyota Field7,000[30]
Tennessee SmokiesChicago CubsKodak, TennesseeSmokies Stadium6,412[31]
South Biloxi ShuckersMilwaukee BrewersBiloxi, MississippiMGM Park6,076[32]
Mississippi BravesAtlanta BravesPearl, MississippiTrustmark Park8,480[33]
Montgomery BiscuitsTampa Bay RaysMontgomery, AlabamaMontgomery Riverwalk Stadium7,000[34]
Pensacola Blue WahoosMiami MarlinsPensacola, FloridaAdmiral Fetterman Field5,038[35]


Prior to the 2021 reorganization of the minor leagues, all three active Double-A leagues played split seasons, with the Eastern League moving to that system in 2019. Teams winning their division in either half of the season qualified for the postseason, with wild card teams filling out the remaining spots in a bracket tournament, usually composed of four teams.[36][37][38]

On June 30, 2021, Minor League Baseball announced that the top two teams in each league (based on full-season winning percentage, and regardless of division) would meet in a best-of-five postseason series to determine league champions.[39]

All-Star Games[edit]

Prior to the 2021 reorganization of the minor leagues, each of the active Double-a leagues held its own midseason All-Star Game.[40] From 1991 to 2002, the three combined to hold the Double-A All-Star Game between teams of American League-affiliated All-Stars and National League-affiliated All-Stars.[41][42]

After the start of the 2021 minor league season was delayed by a month,[43] team schedules were released without a break for an all-star game.[44]


See also: Baseball awards § Double-A

Pace-of-play initiatives[edit]

As a part of pace-of-play initiatives implemented in 2015, 20-second pitch clocks entered use at Double-A stadiums in 2015.[45] In 2018, the time was shortened to 15 seconds when no runners are on base, Baseball Team. Other significant changes implemented in 2018 included beginning extra innings with a runner on second base and limiting teams to eight mound visits during a nine-inning game.[46] In 2019, the number of mound visits was reduced to seven, and pitchers were required to face a minimum of three consecutive batters, unless the side is retired or the pitcher is injured and unable to continue.[47]

See also[edit]


  1. ^The Official Professional Baseball Rules Book(PDF). New York City: Office of the Commissioner of Baseball. 2021. p. 10. Retrieved May 1, Baseball Team, 2021 – via
  2. ^"National Commission Grants Minor Leaguers Everything Asked Baseball Team Big Moguls of Baseball.Establish Much Wanted Class AA". The Philadelphia Inquirer. January 5, 1912. p. 10. Retrieved April 14, 2021 – via
  3. ^ abcdefghijklThe Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball. Lloyd Johnson & Miles Wolff, editors (Third ed.). Baseball America. 2007. ISBN .: CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^"Historical league names to return in 2022". Minor League Baseball. March 16, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  5. ^ ab"What is Double AA Baseball?". SportingCharts. 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  6. ^ abMoore, Jeff (July 2, 2013). "Understanding Minor League Levels". The Hardball Times. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  7. ^Hunter, Ian (May 11, 2018). "Flashback Friday: Blue Jays Position Players Who Leapt From Double-A to MLB". Retrieved Baseball Team 14, 2021.
  8. ^ abSantelli, Robert; Santelli, Jenna (2010). The Baseball Fan's Bucket List: 162 Things You Must Do, Baseball Team, See, Get, and Experience Before You Zıplayan Koyun Oyunu. Running Press. p. 218, Baseball Team. ISBN .
  9. ^"Dickey-Stephens Park". Arkansas Diamonds: The Ballparks of Arkansas and Their History. Codycross 70li Yıllar Grup 339 Bulmaca 4 Cevapları from the Baseball Team on May 5, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  10. ^Bergeron, Angela (2008). "Feature Story - August 2008". Engineering News-Record. McGraw-Hill, Baseball Team. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  11. ^Mock, Joe. "Hammons Field in Springfield, Baseball Team, Missouri". Baseball Parks. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  12. ^"ONEOK Field". Tulsa Sports Commission. 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  13. ^Reichard, Kevin Baseball Team 10, 2019). "Sod Poodles Launch Crowd-Pleasing Ballpark". Ballpark Digest. August Publications. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  14. ^Goldberg-Strassler, Jesse (November 19, 2012). "Whataburger Field / Corpus Christi Hooks". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  15. ^Goldberg-Strassler, Jesse (November 14, Baseball Team, 2012). "Dr Pepper Ballpark / Frisco RoughRiders". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  16. ^"Security Bank Ballpark". Stadiums Castle of Burn. Archived from the original on May 8, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  17. ^Knight, Graham (September 17, 2010). "NYSEG Stadium". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  18. ^Mock, Joe. "Dunkin' Donuts Park". Grand Slam Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  19. ^"2012 New Hampshire Fisher Cats Media Guide"(PDF). Minor League Baseball. April 9, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  20. ^Knight, Graham (July 6, 2010). "Hadlock Field – Portland Sea Dogs". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  21. ^Leon, Matt (May 17, 2011). "Minor League Ballpark Guide". KYW. Philadelphia. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  22. ^"Akron RubberDucks Canal Park". Minor League Baseball. November 27, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  23. ^"2012 Altoona Curve Media Guide". Minor League Baseball. 2012. Retrieved May 4, Baseball Team, 2015.
  24. ^"Bowie Baysox Baysox/Stadium Info". Minor League Baseball. March 11, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  25. ^"Jerry Uht Park". Erie County Convention Center Authority. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
  26. ^Reichard, Kevin (June 28, 2010). "Metro Bank Park / Harrisburg Senators". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  27. ^O'Connor, John (March 27, 2010). "Bleacher Banners Give Diamond New Look, Fewer Seats". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  28. ^"Regions Field Birmingham Barons". Baseball Team League Baseball. January 27, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  29. ^Knight, Graham (July 27, 2010). "AT&T Field". Altın Arama Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  30. ^Gattis, Paul (April 15, 2019). "Countdown is on: 1 year from today until first Trash Pandas game in Madison". Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  31. ^Reichard, Kevin (May 1, 2015). "Smokies Park / Tennessee Trial Bike Pro. Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  32. ^Harris, Chris (February 12, 2015). "A Walking Tour of MGM Park". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  33. ^"Mississippi Braves Stadium Information". Minor League Baseball. November 13, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  34. ^"Riverwalk Stadium Information". Minor League Baseball. February 25, 2013, Baseball Team. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  35. ^Pillon, Dennis (April 20, 2012). "Pensacola's Class AA Baseball Fever Still Going Strong". Press-Register. Mobile. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  36. ^"Texas League Playoff Procedures". Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  37. ^"Eastern League Playoff Procedures". Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  38. ^"Southern League Playoff Procedures". Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  39. ^Heneghan, Kelsie (June 30, 2021). "Playoffs return to the Minor Leagues". Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  40. ^"Important Dates". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  41. ^"SL Sets First All-Star Tilt". The Orlando Sentinel. Orlando. July 11, 1991. p. B-4 – via
  42. ^Gonzalez, Roberto (July 11, 2002). "End Comes in Seventh". Hartford Courant. Hartford. p. C1 – via
  43. ^Acquavella, Katherine (January 5, 2021). "MLB delays start of 2021 season for most minor-league teams, per report". CBS Sports. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  44. ^"Sea Dogs 2021 Season Schedule"(PDF). Portland Sea Dogs. Retrieved May 5, 2021 – via
  45. ^Jackson, Josh (January 15, 2015). "Triple-A, Double-A to Implement Pitch Clock". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  46. ^"MiLB announces pace-of-play rules for 2018", Baseball Team. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  47. ^"MiLB announces pace-of-play rules for 2019". March 29, Prenses Tırnak Bakımı Oyunu. Retrieved March 30, 2019.

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